Monthly Review <p>This site contains nearly all articles published in <em>Monthly Review</em> since its inception in May 1949. Current subscribers can access content free of charge. Learn more about <em>MR</em>&nbsp;<a title="Monthly Review" href="" target="_self">at the main website</a>.</p> en-US <p>Please see <a title="Reprint Permissions" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">here for reprint requests</a>.</p> (Monthly Review Archives) (Jamil Jonna) Thu, 02 Jun 2022 08:59:33 -0400 OJS 60 The Jakarta Method, Then and Now <div class="bookreview">Vincent Bevins, <em>The Jakarta Method</em> (New York: Public Affairs, 2020), 429 pages, $28, paperback.</div> <p>Increasing numbers of left-wing activists around the world are turning to Vincent Bevins's <em>The Jakarta Method</em> to learn more about the horrific atrocities committed by the United States against peoples' struggles for the right to self-determination in the so-called postcolonial era. In particular, the book describes how imperialist expansion destroyed revolutionary struggles in the third world.</p> Sarah Raymundo Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Toward an Ecosocialist Degrowth <p>We are facing today the most pronounced and remarkable of all contradictions: that between what ecosocialist Ian Angus calls "capital's time" and "nature's time." As a result, a series of intertwined ecological and social crises have come together, posing existential threats to life on the planet. Everywhere, life, both human and nonhuman, is threatened, and the dangers of the imposition of capital's time on nature's time accelerate decade by decade at levels scarcely imaginable.</p> Alejandro Pedregal, Juan Bordera Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 -0400 The Roots of the Science-Practice Gap: A Materialist View <p>The scientific development of humanity—that is, the ability to investigate the planet collectively, integrating reason and empirical data—allowed humans to understand the world with increasing precision and transform it powerfully. The COVID-19 pandemic showed this when we were able to discover its origin quickly, sequence the SARS-CoV-2 genome, evaluate its variations and evolutionary process, understand its global dispersion, and develop immunizing treatments and vaccines. Despite this, attitudes against this knowledge have been widespread, both individually and collectively. Even though we know what to do, as a society, there are many instances in which we did not do it. The COVID-19 pandemic is the most serious and still ongoing example of the science-practice gap.</p> Ricardo Dobrovolski Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Mészáros and Chávez: "The Point from Which to Move the World Today" <p>István Mészáros was a global thinker strongly committed to anti-imperialist struggles. In this respect, he allied himself with those fighting for socialist transformation in the Philippines, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Brazil, and elsewhere. He argued that in the descending phase of capitalism there was a "downward equalization of the rate of exploitation," by which he meant a race to the bottom in wages and working conditions, enforced by a global system of monopolistic competition.</p> John Bellamy Foster Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Mészáros and Chávez: The Philosopher and the Llanero <p>What made István Mészáros's life so fascinating, and relevant to issues of socialist construction, was that, having seen both sides of the Cold War, he came to perceive both "real socialism" and twentieth-century capitalism as two variants of the same system. He called this the <em>capital system</em>. The basic commonality among most countries of both the East and the West in the twentieth century was the extraction of surplus labor from workers who did not control their own work processes.</p> Chris Gilbert Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Panopticon <p class="p1">Capitalism's two main underpinnings are control and exploitation/expropriation. While there are many sites of control they are all generally supportive of the interests of capital, namely, the endless drive to accumulate wealth. They all help to ensure that we behave so that the system continues to reproduce itself. Since workplaces are the sites where profits are extracted from our labor, it is here that control is most critical.</p> Michael D. Yates Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Notes from the Editors, June 2022 <div class="buynow"><a title="Back issue of Monthly Review Volume 74, Number 2 (June 2022)" href="">buy this issue</a></div> <p>Time is running out for the world to carry out the social transformations necessary to avert irreversible climate catastrophe, keeping the increase in global average temperatures below 1.5°C (or below 2°C). The <em>most optimistic</em> scenario currently provided by the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) describes a pathway in which the increase in temperature will not rise to 1.5°C until 2040, peaking at 1.6°C, and then falling back to 1.4°C by the end of this century. But to achieve this will require revolutionary scale transformational change in global social relations affecting the human relation to the climate and the planetary environment as a whole.</p> - The Editors Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Histories of Racial Capitalism and the Dynamics of the Capitalist System <p>The term <em>racial capitalism</em> is a bit of a shibboleth. Those who invoke the phrase draw from a longstanding tradition of radical scholarship that brings attention to the material force of racialism in systems of capitalist domination. There is, however, a mounting critique that questions the term's usefulness, casting doubt on the scholarly project initiated by Cedric Robinson. In the face of such concerns, <em>Histories of Racial Capitalism</em> is a much needed contribution.</p> Julius Alexander McGee, Patrick Trent Greiner Copyright (c) 2022 Sun, 08 May 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Africa Is on the Move <p>In 1975, Walter Rodney said, <em>Africa is on the move</em>. This line stays with me, digs deep into my sense of historical possibility. What did Rodney mean when he said that line?</p> Vijay Prashad Copyright (c) 2022 Sun, 08 May 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Marxism, Science, and Science Studies <p>The history of Marxism in relation to science is extraordinarily dense and dramatic. Although it is a fascinating and important story, it is one increasingly forgotten.</p> Helena Sheehan Copyright (c) 2022 Sun, 08 May 2022 00:00:00 -0400