Class and Power in Canada


  • Leo Panitch



Political Economy


Canada is a country that resists ready classification within conventional taxonomies. Its status as what might be aptly called a "rich dependency" puts it at the interstices between the advanced industrial countries and the dependent capitalisms of the "third world." In terms of per capita income, patterns of consumption, social structure, and levels of education, as well as form of political regime, Canada clearly resembles the former countries. In terms of the extent of foreign ownership and control over the economy and of Canada's international trade pattern (export of resources and import of manufactured goods), Canada looks more like belonging in the company of Venezuela or Nigeria. Moreover, if Canada is peculiar in terms of comparative political economy, it is no less peculiar in terms of comparative political science. As has been the case with other states in advanced capitalist societies, the Canadian state has vastly expanded the range of services and activities in which it is engaged. But in direct contrast to other states—even federal states—the accompanying centralization of state power has not taken place.





Review of the Month