Monthly Review <p>This site contains nearly all articles published in <em>Monthly Review</em> since its inception in May 1949. Current subscribers can access content free of charge. Learn more about <em>MR</em>&nbsp;<a title="Monthly Review" href="" target="_self">at the main website</a>.</p> Monthly Review Foundation en-US Monthly Review 0027-0520 <p>Please see <a title="Reprint Permissions" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">here for reprint requests</a>.</p> Notes from the Editors, January 2019 <div class="buynow"><a title="Back issue of Monthly Review, January 2019 (Volume 70, Number 8)" href="">buy this issue</a></div> <p>In this issue we commemorate the fortieth anniversary of the publishing of the definitive version of <em>The Combahee River Collective Statement</em> in Zillah Eisenstein, ed., <em>Capitalist Patriarchy and the Case for Socialist Feminism</em>. We are also extremely pleased to announce Monthly Review Press author Kohei Saito has won the prestigious Deutscher prize for 2018 for his <em><a href="">Karl Marx's Ecosocialism: Capital, Nature, and the Unfinished Critique of Political Economy</a></em>. There is no doubt that this book constitutes one of the great works of Marxian theory in our time.</p> - Editors ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-01-01 2019-01-01 c2 63 10.14452/MR-070-08-2019-01_0 South Africa Suffers Capitalist Crisis Déjà Vu <p>Business tycoon Cyril Ramaphosa, who, according to <em>Forbes</em>, was worth more than $450 million in 2015, has been the president of the ruling African National Congress since December 2017. Despite the change in ruling-party leadership, the residual old-guard politicians from the era of Jacob Zuma’s patrimonial, corrupt regime still retain enormous power.</p> Patrick Bond ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-01-01 2019-01-01 1 19 10.14452/MR-070-08-2019-01_1 Black Feminism and the Combahee River Collective <p>This reprint of Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor's introduction to <em>How We Get Free—Black Feminism and the Combahee River Collective</em> serves as an introduction to both the Combahee River Collective and their seminal statement on black feminism.</p> Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-01-01 2019-01-01 1 19 10.14452/MR-070-08-2019-01_2 Cuba, Che Guevara, and the Problem of "Socialism in One Country" <p>The presidential elections in Cuba in March 2018 has raised again the question of the country’s survival. How can Cuba hold up and develop against the economic, cultural, and military encirclement of U.S. imperialism in particular and the capitalist system in general? An answer can be sought in the history of Cuba’s socialist transition, the unique role played by Che Guevara, and the emergence of ideas regarding the possibility (and impossibility) of achieving socialism in one country alone.</p> Ron Augustin ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-01-01 2019-01-01 37 48 10.14452/MR-070-08-2019-01_4 Capitalism and Mental Health <p>The psychoanalytical framework developed by Marxist Erich Fromm strongly challenges the dominant biological and individualistic explanations of the mental-health crisis that is now sweeping the globe. Fromm emphasized that all humans have certain needs that must be fulfilled in order to ensure optimal mental health. It follows that capitalism is crucial to determining the experience and prevalence of mental well-being, as its operations are incompatible with true human need.</p> David Matthews ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-01-01 2019-01-01 49 62 10.14452/MR-070-08-2019-01_5 A Black Feminist Statement <p>The most general statement of our politics at the present time would be that we are actively committed to struggling against racial, sexual, heterosexual, and class oppression and see as our particular task the development of integrated analysis and practice based upon the fact that the major systems of oppression are interlocking. The synthesis of these oppressions creates the conditions of our lives.</p> - Combahee River Collective ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-01-01 2019-01-01 29 36 10.14452/MR-070-08-2019-01_3 Posture Maketh the Man <p>In this article from <em>Ever Since Darwin</em>, Stephen Jay Gould describes how the Museum of Natural History's Gobi Desert expeditions of the 1920s failed to achieve their stated purpose: to find the ancestors of man in Central Asia. In a perceptive analysis of the political role of science and of the social biases that affect thought, Gould describes how anthropologists—despite a complete lack of direct evidence—believed that human evolution was propelled by an enlarging brain, and not, as is the case, upright posture.</p> Stephen Jay Gould ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-02 2018-12-02 43 47 10.14452/MR-070-07-2018-11_3 Notes from the Editors, December 2018 <div class="buynow"><a title="Back issue of Monthly Review, December 2018 (Volume 70, Number 7)" href="">buy this issue</a></div> <p>With the dramatic rise of eco-Marxism in recent years, a corresponding revolution has been taking place in studies of the human-nonhuman animal relationship. Previous critical analyses with respect to the position of animals in human society have been largely dictated by animal-rights discourse, more recently represented by figures such as Peter Singer. Many of these analyses contend that Karl Marx, Marxism, and historical materialism understand the human-nonhuman animal relationship through a dualist, "speciesist," or human-centric, framework—a critique most famously championed by pioneering ecosocialist Ted Benton. This issue is dedicated to analyzing the theoretical propositions underlying Marx's analysis and to demonstrate the antispeciesist and antidualist aspects of his evolutionary-materialist understanding.</p> - The Editors ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-01 2018-12-01 c2 63 10.14452/MR-070-07-2018-11_0 Marx and Alienated Speciesism <p>In many animal-rights circles, Karl Marx and a long tradition of Marxian theorists are to be faulted for their speciesist treatment of nonhuman animals and the human-nonhuman animal relationship. These criticisms typically neglect the larger historical conditions, intellectual influences, and debates out of which Marx's treatment of the human-animal dialectic arose—even though this is crucial to any meaningful understanding of his thought in this area. In response, this article assesses the historical-intellectual background behind Marx's arguments on humans and animals, placing it in the context of the influence exercised on his thought by Epicurus, Hermann Samuel Reimarus, Ludwig Feuerbach, Charles Darwin, and others. In the process, they explain how Marx's view of animals in the world came to be integrated with his theory of metabolic rift and his critique of capitalism.</p> John Bellamy Foster Brett Clark ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-01 2018-12-01 1 20 10.14452/MR-070-07-2018-11_1 On the Origins of Animalist Marxism <p>In human-animal studies and critical animal studies, the most influential treatment of animalist Marxism and Marxist animalism has been developed by Ted Benton on the basis of his interpretation of Karl Marx's work. This article focuses minutely on Benton's argument and Marx's <em>Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 </em>(or <em>Paris Manuscripts</em>), refuting Benton's contentions point by point and forcefully challenging the idea that Marx's work was speciesist in orientation.</p> Christian Stache ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-01 2018-12-01 22 41 10.14452/MR-070-07-2018-11_2