Monthly Review 2020-05-09T01:05:30-04:00 Monthly Review Archives Open Journal Systems <p>This site contains nearly all articles published in <em>Monthly Review</em> since its inception in May 1949. Current subscribers can access content free of charge. Learn more about <em>MR</em>&nbsp;<a title="Monthly Review" href="" target="_self">at the main website</a>.</p> Notes from the Editors, May 2020 2020-05-09T01:05:30-04:00 - The Editors <div class="buynow"><a title="Back issue of Monthly Review Volume 72, Number 1 (May 2020)" href="">buy this issue</a></div> <p>In its wider economic, ecological, epidemiological, and public health context, the current COVID-19 pandemic demonstrates the enormous dangers of the metabolic rift in human ecology and epidemiology brought on by capitalist social relations in the age of monopoly-finance capital, global agribusiness, and intricate, globe-spanning supply chains associated with the extreme exploitation and expropriation of both human beings and nature. Neoliberalism, representing the inner logic of capitalism, has left the world vulnerable to catastrophe wherever it has come into play.</p> 2020-05-01T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) COVID-19 and Circuits of Capital 2020-05-09T01:05:09-04:00 Rob Wallace Alex Liebman Luis Fernando Chaves Rodrick Wallace <p>The cause of COVID-19 and other such pathogens is not found just in the object of any one infectious agent or its clinical course, but also in the field of ecosystemic relations that capital and other structural causes have pinned back to their own advantage. The wide variety of pathogens, representing different taxa, source hosts, modes of transmission, clinical courses, and epidemiological outcomes, all the earmarks that send us running wild-eyed to our search engines upon each outbreak, mark different parts and pathways along the same kinds of circuits of land use and value accumulation.</p> 2020-05-01T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) Engels vs. Marx?: Two Hundred Years of Frederick Engels 2020-05-09T01:04:30-04:00 Paul Blackledge <p>At the bicentenary of his birth, Frederick Engels's reputation as an original thinker is, among Anglophone academics at least, at its nadir. Despite the recent global economic crisis and associated increases in inequality that have tended to confirm Karl Marx and Engels's general critique of capitalism, Marxism is an optimistic doctrine that has not fared well in a context dominated by working-class retreat and demoralization. But if this context has been unpropitious for Marxism generally, criticisms of Engels's thought have a second, quite separate, source. Over the course of the twentieth century, a growing number of commentators have claimed that Engels fundamentally distorted Marx's thought, and that "Marxism" and especially Stalinism emerged out of this one-sided caricature of Marx's ideas.</p> 2020-05-01T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) It's Still Slavery by Another Name 2020-05-09T01:04:10-04:00 Michael D. Yates <p>As the long history, right to the present day, of police and vigilante violence against black people has shown with great clarity, the racial chasm between black and white people in the United States lives on. A few black men and women have climbed into the 1 percent, and a sizable African-American middle class now exists. But by every measure of social well-being, black Americans fare much worse than their white counterparts. Just as for the economic, political, and social distance between capitalists and workers, so too is there a differential between black and white people, for these same interconnected components of daily life continue because of the way our system is structured.</p> 2020-05-01T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) Postcolonial Reconstruction in Ghana, 1952–66 2020-05-09T01:03:51-04:00 Izaak Hecht <p>In 1952, the West African nation of Ghana, recently having freed itself from British imperialism, set out on a project of radical economic reconstruction unmatched anywhere on the continent in scope and ambition. Having attained political independence with the creation of a sovereign parliament and executive office, the Convention People's Party under the leadership of Kwame Nkrumah drew up extensive plans for ensuring the conditions necessary for real, not just on-paper, independence.</p> 2020-05-01T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) And then, I think about war 2020-05-09T01:03:31-04:00 Linda Backiel <p>A new poem by Linda Backiel.</p> 2020-05-01T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) Science and Politics 2020-05-09T01:04:50-04:00 Hilary Rose Steven Rose Katherine L. Bryant <p>Hilary Rose, a sociologist, and Steven Rose, a neuroscientist, were two of the principal founders of the British Society for Social Responsibility in Science in the late 1960s in London. They speak about their work as scientists and antiwar activists, particularly around the issue of Palestinian liberation.</p> 2020-05-01T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) Notes from the Editors, April 2020 2020-04-01T05:30:21-04:00 - The Editors <div class="buynow"><a title="Back issue of Monthly Review Volume 71, Number 11 (April 2020)" href="">buy this issue</a></div> <p>Today, at the bicentennial of Frederick Engels's birth, it is worth taking a brief look at Engels's theory of the labor aristocracy, its connection to V. I. Lenin's thinking, and the significance of these ideas in light of the current capitalist conjuncture.</p> 2020-04-01T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) The Rift of Éire 2020-04-01T05:30:20-04:00 John Bellamy Foster Brett Clark <p>Karl Marx's (and Frederick Engels's) analysis of nineteenth-century Irish history revealed what is referred to as "the rift of Éire" in the colonial period. Indeed, it is in relation to the analysis of the systematic disruption of the Irish environment that Marx's ecological inquiries can be seen as taking on a concrete and developed form, encompassing the ecological as well as economic robbery that characterized the Irish colonial regime.</p> 2020-04-01T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) How Long Can Neoliberalism Withstand Climate Crisis? 2020-04-01T05:30:18-04:00 Julius Alexander McGee Patrick Trent Greiner <p>The climate crisis is proving to be antithetical to the neoliberal machines that define current forms of social organization. Reducing fossil fuel consumption, the largest contributor to climate change, requires collaborative efforts. These efforts must take into consideration the foundational role of fossil fuels in modern economies. Yet, renewables lack many of the characteristics that have made fossil fuels so desirable in production processes, limiting their ability to expropriate human labor. At the same time, climate catastrophes, such as wildfires and hurricanes, disrupt the infrastructural momentum of fossil fuel economies, destabilizing the mechanisms of capital accumulation that derive from the production and consumption of these fuels. All of these problems have come to a head in the recent crises in Chile and California.</p> 2020-04-01T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c)