Nature, Labor, and the Rise of Capitalism

  • Martin Empson
Keywords: Capitalism, Ecology, History, Political Economy, Labor


Capitalism was a radical break with the past: for the first time, production of basic goods was driven by the accumulation of wealth for its own sake, and not primarily to satisfy human needs. Likewise, we are alienated from the natural world, as the products of our own labor are no longer under our control. Our very perception of nature is shaped by an economic system that treats "the environment" as a collection of commodities to be exploited.

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