Capitalism and the Curse of Energy Efficiency: The Return of the Jevons Paradox

  • John Bellamy Foster
  • Brett Clark
  • Richard York
Keywords: Ecology


The curse of energy efficiency, better known as the Jevons Paradox—the idea that increased energy (and material-resource) efficiency leads not to conservation but increased use—was first raised by William Stanley Jevons in the nineteenth century. Although forgotten for most of the twentieth century, the Jevons Paradox has been rediscovered in recent decades and stands squarely at the center of today's environmental dispute
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