Marxists and others who have written in detail or just touched on what Marx said about India are almost unanimous in assuming that his writings of the 1850s on India, especially his statement that the British rule in India was fulfilling a double mission—a mission destructive as well as regenerating—were his last word on the subject. While some of them agree with the Marx of the 1850s, others disagree and criticize him. Among the former are R. Palme Dutt, A.R. Desai, V.G. Kiernan, and Shlomo Avineri; and among the latter are Samir Amin and M. Barratt Brown.
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