On Socialism

Authors

  • Paul M. Sweezy

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14452/MR-035-05-1983-09_5

Keywords:

Marxism

Abstract

The modern socialist movement dates from the publication in 1848 of The Communist Manifesto by Marx and Engels. Its historical roots go back at least two hundred years earlier to the period of the English Civil War (1642-52), which produced a radical movement (the Diggers) with a brilliant spokesman in Gerrard Winstanley, whose ideas corresponded in important respects to the principal tenets of socialism as we know them today. Other outstanding forerunners were Babeuf and his Conspiracy of the Equals during the French Revolution, the great English and French Utopians (Owen, Fourier, St. Simon) of the early nineteenth century, and the English Chartists of the 1830s and 1840s, who first incorporated socialist ideas of democracy, equality, and collectivism into a large-scale working-class movement.

Published

1983-10-05

Issue

Section

Articles