Workers' and Peasants' Councils in Iran

  • Shahrzad Azad
Keywords: Movements


One of the most remarkable aspects of the Iranian Revolution was the spread of the idea of workers' control and the formation of councils. A development that may be unparalleled in the Middle East, councils (called shora in Farsi, the principal Iranian language) were formed in the factories, countryside, schools, hospitals, army bases, government offices, press, radio and television, to ensure people's control and advance the revolution. The workers' and peasants' councils in particular bore striking resemblances to the soviets that emerged in Russia in the period immediately preceding the October Revolution.