The last fifteen years will certainly be counted as important in the history of the development of socialist thought. The extraordinary rebirth of Marxism has indeed been in contrast to the crisis of a dominant ideology stricken with sterility. This rebirth follows a long empty period marked by Stalinist dogmatism, tempered by the extraordinary attraction that the technocratic ideology of triumphant "apoliticism" exercised, at first covertly, then openly from 1953 on. The eclectic compromises of the fifties flourished briefly; since at least 1965 a vigorous Marxist thought has begun to leave them far behind.
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