This is an abridgement of an article which is scheduled to appear in Mark Selden and Edward Friedman, eds., America's Asia (Pantheon Books), on March 22. Because of MR's limited space we asked and received permission from the author to summarize the introduction and first two sections (entitled "Some Common Elements" and "Capitalist Economic Development"). Professor Gurley's text proper begins under the heading "Maoist Economic Development" on page 17 below. —The Editors
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