Marxism and Existentialism, Part II

  • Adam Schaff
Keywords: Marxism, Philosophy


Any comparison between two philosophical trends so different, indeed so clearly opposed, as Marxism and existentialism (that is, the Sartre variety of existentialism which alone plays a certain role in Poland) is bound to begin with an attempt to locate the essential differences between the two. As compared with Marxism, existentialism not only involves a different set of problems, a different vocabulary, or a different world outlook; it also represents a completely different world of thoughts and emotions. If we fail to grasp the central point of the controversy, discussion may prove hopeless.