The Soviet View of Psychoanalysis

  • D. Fedotov
Keywords: History, Marxism


In the Soviet Union we greatly honor everything of genuine worth in our own national as well as in world science. We cherish the germs of human reason that have come down to us from past millennia, such as the writings of Hippocrates and the Canon of medical science by Abou-Ali-Ibn-Sina (Avicenna); we revere the heroic labors of Edward Jenner and the immortal work of Elie Mechnikov; we admire the scientific realism of Claude Bernard and the immense intellectual sweep of Ivan Sechenov. Contrary to the calumnies of our ill-wishers, in no other land is there such profound respect for Charles Darwin and Paul Ehrlich, for Luther Burbank and Louis Pasteur as in ours. We appreciate the scientific contribution of Edward Fleming and the strict objectivity of the outstanding researches of Walter Cannon. And when we speak of the great Ivan Pavlov, the creator of the materialist conception of the higher nervous activity, we at the same time bear in mind that this conception could not have been formulated without the previous labors of Sechenov as well as the great legacy of Darwin's creative genius.